Kidney stones are small masses of salts and minerals that form inside the kidneys and can travel through the urinary tract. Kidney stones can vary in size from being just a speck and in some cases reaching the size of a ping pong ball. Signs and symptoms of kidney stones include blood in the urine, pain in the abdomen, and pain in the side of the abdomen. About 5% of people develop a kidney stone during their lifetime.
The kidneys regulate levels of fluids, minerals, salts and other substances in the body. When the balance of these compounds changes, kidney stones can form. There are four types of kidney stones, each made of different substances. Uric acid and cystine are two compounds that can include kidney stones. Factors known to increase the risk of kidney stones include dehydration, family history, genetics, and the presence of certain medical conditions. Having one or more family members with a history of kidney stones increases the risk of the condition.
Kidney stones are often very painful. Most stones will come out on their own without any treatment, through the urine channel. However, you may need a procedure to break or remove stones that do not pass. here are ten kidney stones symptoms that you may have kidney stones.
Symptoms of kidney stones
If you are experiencing any discomfort, however, you are not sure if it is kidney stones, know that there are some very specific symptoms that will help you identify the problem. See:
- Severe groin and/or side pain
- blood in urine
- bad smell in urine
- vomiting and nausea
- White blood cells or pus in the urine
- Reduced amount of urine excreted
- Burning sensation during urination
- A persistent urge to urinate
- Fever and chills (if there is an infection)
- Pink, red or brown urine