Common Skin Problems in Children

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The skin is the body's first barrier against infection-causing bacteria. Even though many bacteria live on the surface of our skin, healthy skin usually protects us against infections. There are several types of skin infections, they can be common and simple to cure, however, others can be dangerous because they started as a small patch and can spread, affecting a large area of the body. They can range from a simple, treatable infection to a more dangerous condition. It is important that you take your child to a pediatrician or dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Conjunctivitis What is it – Symptoms and Treatment

We list below some photos of the main skin problems that usually occur in children and babies at some stage of their childhood:

Chickenpox

Chickenpox, or chickenpox, is a viral infection that causes a blister-like rash and is very itchy. Chickenpox is highly contagious to people who have not had the disease or been vaccinated against it. This disease is super common in children under 10 who have not been vaccinated, it is worth remembering that people who have had chickenpox never get it again.

Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-herpes zoster virus. It is transmitted by droplets from a sneeze or cough, and the onset of symptoms is 10 to 21 days after being infected and recovery can last an average of 10 to 15 days after the appearance, this depends a lot from person to person because not all organisms they act the same.

Prickly heat

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Prickly heat, also known as miliaria rubra, is a rash of small, raised red spots that causes a burning or stinging sensation on the skin. Prickly heat can develop anywhere on your body, but it most commonly occurs on your face, neck, back, chest, and thighs. It normally appears a few days after exposure to hot temperatures.

The rash is made up of small spots or bumps that are surrounded by an area of red skin. The stitches sometimes look like small blisters and can cause: mild swelling, itching in addition to an intense tingling or burning sensation. Prickly heat usually develops when a person sweats more than normal, such as during hot or humid weather, the condition is caused when the body's sweat glands become blocked.

coxsackie

This disease has several symptoms such as: high fever, headache, muscle pain in addition to some small but painful blisters in the throat, mouth, palms and soles of the feet. Coxsackie is part of the family of enterovirus viruses (which also includes poliovirus and hepatitis A virus) that live in the human digestive tract. It can be spread from person to person, usually by putting their hands on surfaces contaminated by faeces, where they can live for several days, or simply through sneezing and coughing. There is no type of vaccine or medicine so it is important to keep your hands always clean like this, preventing it from getting worse.

atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is more common in babies and children. But it can happen to anyone. People living in cities with drier climates may be more likely to suffer from this disease. The cause of atopic dermatitis is unknown. It is likely caused by both genetic (runs in the family) and environmental factors. People with atopic dermatitis can develop hay fever and asthma.

Atopic dermatitis is a long-term skin disease. “Atopic” refers to a tendency to develop allergic conditions. “Dermatitis” means swelling of the skin. Symptoms dry skin, itching and blisters The treatment can be based on a simple skin moisturizer to the use of antihistamines depending on the person, the ideal is to seek the doctor.

Scarlet fever

Scarlet fever is a bacterial disease that develops in some people who have strep throat. Scarlet fever is almost always accompanied by a sore throat and high fever, it is
common in children aged 5 to 15 years.

Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection caused by bacteria of the genus Streptococcus and is treated with antibiotics to avoid more serious complications. After 7 to 14 days, the lesions disappear and the skin flakes off.

Impetigo
Impetigo is a highly contagious skin condition. Also known as impinge, it is characterized by blisters and sores that occur on various parts of the body but mainly on the baby's face, neck, hands and butt. Impetigo is caused by two bacteria – Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus.
There are several different types of impetigo they can be contagious, this type of impetigo usually starts with red sores around the nose and mouth. Bullous impetigo is caused only by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, which is capable of producing toxins that cause detachment of the epidermis, favoring the appearance of blisters. Impetigo is transmitted through skin-to-skin contact with an individual who has impetigo or through sharing towels, clothing, and underwear.
Ringworm
Ringworm is a fungal infection of the skin. Fungi are microscopic organisms that can live off the dead tissues of your skin, hair and nails, it is characterized by a red ring with small blisters that appears on the skin.
To avoid ringworm, just follow some day-to-day habits, such as: avoid walking barefoot, especially on damp floors, do not use other people's personal objects, make sure to dry some areas well, such as finger gaps and folds. such as armpit, groin, behind the ears.
Infantile roseola
Known to many as a sudden rash. It is caused by a virus from the herpes family, the disease is common in children from three months to four years of age. It is a contagious disease, which is transmitted to the child through contact with the saliva of another contaminated child.
The symptoms of infantile roseola are similar to those of the flu, such as high fever, between 38 to 40ºC, for about 3 to 4 days, loss of appetite, diarrhea, cough in addition to spots on the skin, especially on the trunk, neck and arms. The ideal thing to do is to immediately look for a pediatrician and take the child away from daycare or school.
warts
Warts, caused by the human papilloma virus, or HPV, are non-cancerous skin growths. They form when the virus invades the skin, usually through a small cut or scrape. The virus causes rapid growth of cells on the outer layer of the skin. Warts can appear anywhere on the skin or mucous membranes (eg, mouth, genitals) however, most commonly on the hands, fingers, feet, and face.
They usually disappear within 2 years, but this is unpredictable and the best thing to do is to see a dermatologist.
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